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Natural disasters and indicators of social cohesion

Aitor Calo-Blanco / Jaromír Kovářík / Friederike Mengel / José Gabriel Romero (2017)

Key facts

Journal/Publisher
PLoS ONE
Type of publication
Journal article
Elements of social cohesion
Trust
Participation
Geographical focus
Chile
Main thematic areas
Climate

Summary

Do adversarial environmental conditions create social cohesion? We provide new answersto this question by exploiting spatial and temporal variation in exposure to earthquakesacross Chile. Using a variety of methods and controlling for a number of socio-economicvariables, we find that exposure to earthquakes has a positive effect on several indicators ofsocial cohesion. Social cohesion increases after a big earthquake and slowly erodes in periodswhere environmental conditions are less adverse. Our results contribute to the currentdebate on whether and how environmental conditions shape formal and informalinstitutions.

Publication_2017_Aitor Calo-Blanco / Jaromír Kovářík / Friederike Mengel / José Gabriel Romero

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