Can development interventions help post-conflict communities build social cohesion? The case of the Liberia millennium villages

Elisabeth King (2013)

Key facts

Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI)
Type of publication
Policy paper
Elements of social cohesion
Geographical focus
Main thematic areas
Conflict & peacebuilding
Development cooperation


This paper evaluates the efforts of one international development intervention — the Kokoyah Millennium Villages Project (KMVP) — to improve welfare and build social cohesion in post-conflict Liberia. This study is based on a preliminary analysis of survey data from a quasiexperimental, difference-in-differences (DID) research design, and shows that social cohesion was already higher than anticipated before the project began. Despite operational challenges with implementation of the KMVP, complaints about the project, and lack of improved perceptions of welfare, there is evidence that the KMVP had positive effects on some measures of social cohesion and no evidence of adverse effects, yet no changes on some factors that may be important to contribute to development. This paper demonstrates that DID measures and quasi-experimental designs that use appropriate comparison groups can yield important insights in social science research conducted in complex and changing contexts such as a post-civil war setting. This paper seeks to foster a conversation about the many relationships between development and social cohesion (particularly in post-conflict contexts), the possibilities and challenges for researchers in studying these relationships and the importance of doing so for intended beneficiaries on the ground.

Publication_2013_Elisabeth King

Explore the hub further

graph_concept_Reconsidering social cohesion: Definition and analytical framework

Reconsidering social cohesion: Definition and analytical framework

graph_data_SCORE Ukraine & SCORE Eastern Ukraine

SCORE Ukraine & SCORE Eastern Ukraine

graph_publication_A Review of the World Bank’s Experiences Using Conflict Filters and Peace Lenses

A Review of the World Bank’s Experiences Using Conflict Filters and Peace Lenses

image_project_The Social Cohesion Fund in Burundi

The Social Cohesion Fund in Burundi