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Do trustworthy institutions matter for development? Corruption, trust, and government performance in Africa

Michael Bratton / E. Gyimah-Boadi (2016)

Key facts

Journal/Publisher
Afrobarometer
Type of publication
Policy paper
Elements of social cohesion
Trust
Geographical focus
Sub-Saharan Africa
Main thematic areas
Economic development
Political institutions & governance
Development cooperation

Summary

In a memorable address to the Ghanaian Parliament on July 11, 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama asserted that “Africa doesn't need strongmen; it needs strong institutions.” In a similar vein, the United Nations recognizes that good governance is a vital ingredient in poverty alleviation and socioeconomic development. Yet state capacity has been in short supply for too long in too many places. States with weak institutions can become havens for extremists, sites of humanitarian and human rights disasters, and sources of public health emergencies.

This Afrobarometer dispatch explores whether African citizens think that political institutions – ranging from the state presidency to local government councils – are worthy of their trust and whether public trust matters for development outcomes. We focus on the popular trustworthiness of institutions as a shorthand way to summarize the quality and capacity of political institutions from a public opinion perspective.

First, we describe cross-country variations in levels of citizen trust in several types of state institutions and trace trends in these attitudes over time. Second, we identify a major – perhaps causal – factor that explains institutional distrust, namely public perceptions that state officials are corrupt. Third, we show links between trustworthy institutions and selected development outcomes, suggesting that institutions earning the public’s trust are essential to the successful pursuit of development.

Publication_2016_Michael Bratton / E. Gyimah-Boadi

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