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Identifying Pathways to Peace: How International Support Can Help Prevent Conflict Recurrence

Karina Mross, Charlotte Fiedler, Jörn Grävingholt (2022)

Key facts

Journal/Publisher
International Studies Quarterly
Type of publication
Journal article
Elements of social cohesion
Trust
Cooperation
Geographical focus
Sub-Saharan Africa
East Asia and Pacific
Europe and Central Asia
Main thematic areas
Conflict & peacebuilding
Political institutions & governance

Summary

This article provides new evidence on how the international community can effectively foster peace after civil war. It expands the current literature's narrow focus on either peacekeeping or aggregated aid flows, adopting a comprehensive, yet disaggregated, view on international peacebuilding efforts. We distinguish five areas of peacebuilding support (peacekeeping, nonmilitary security support, support for politics and governance, for socioeconomic development, and for societal conflict transformation) and analyze which types or combinations are particularly effective and in which context. Applying configurational analysis (qualitative comparative analysis) to all thirty-six post-civil war peace episodes between 1990 and 2014, we find that (1) peacekeeping is only one important component of effective post-conflict support, (2) the largest share of peaceful cases can be explained by support for politics and governance, (3) only combined international efforts across all types of support can address difficult contexts, and (4) countries neglected by the international community are highly prone to experiencing conflict recurrence. Three case studies shed light on underlying causal mechanisms.

Publication_2022_Karina Mross, Charlotte Fiedler, Jörn Grävingholt

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